Thursday , April 11 2024

Detecting Brain Tumor using Machine Learning Techniques Based of Different Features Extracting Strategies

Background: Brain tumor is the leading reason for death in people. It is obvious that the chances of survival can be increased if the tumor is identified and properly classified at an initial stage. MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) is one source of brain tumors detection tool and these are extensively used in the diagnosis of brain to detect blood clots. In the past, many researchers developed Computer-Aided Diagnosis (CAD) systems that help the radiologist to detect the abnormalities in an efficient manner. Methods: In this study, we extracted multimodal features such as texture, morphological, entropybased, Scale Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT), and Elliptic Fourier Descriptors (EFDs) from brain tumor imaging database. The tumor was detected using robust machine learning techniques such as Support Vector Machine (SVM) with kernels: polynomial, Radial Base Function (RBF), Gaussian; Decision Tree (DT), and Naïve Bayes. Most commonly used Jack-knife 10-fold Cross- Validation (CV) was used for testing and validation of dataset. Results: The performance was evaluated in terms of specificity, sensitivity, Positive Predictive Value (PPV), Negative Predictive Value (NPV), False Positive Rate (FPR), Total Accuracy (TA), Area under the receiver operating Curve (AUC), and P-value. The highest performance of 100% in terms of Specificity, Sensitivity, PPV, NPV, TA, AUC using Naïve Bayes classifiers based on entropy, morphological, SIFT and texture features followed by Decision Tree classifier with texture features (TA=97.81%, AUC=1.0) and SVM polynomial kernel with texture features (TA=94.63%). The highest significant p-value was obtained using SVM polynomial with texture features (P-value 2.65e-104) followed by SVM RB with texture features (P-value 1.96e-98)

About Dr. Lal Hussain

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